Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production. Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin; others affect your entire body.
If your body makes too much melanin (Hyperpigmentation), your skin gets darker. If your body makes too little melanin, your skin gets lighter.
More common of hyperpigmentation are include, melasma, chloasma, sun damage, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (often from wounds or rashes) and freckles.
THE CAUSE OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
Sun Exposure – UV rays from the sun stimulate melanin production in the skin, thereby increasing the appearance of skin colour. Therefore, most pigment problem appears worse during the summer. UV rays directly cause or are a major factor in most cases of pigmentation problems.
Hormones – Pregnant women often get pigment, which may be linked to changes in hormones. Chloasma is the term used for pregnant women with melasma.
Cosmetics – Some skin care products may irritate the skin, thus worsening the appearance of pigmentation. Also, lack of proper use of premium medical grade sunscreen can heighten the risk of pigmentation or worsen pre-existing conditions.
Medical Condition – Body illness and medication might trigger the stimulation of pigmentation or worsen pre-exiting conditions.
Heat and Friction – Simple trauma or repeated friction can be responsible for darkening of the skin.
Genetic Disposition – Resulting from changes in family genes that are passed on throughout generations.
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